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Airport Engineering - Planning

Airport Planning:
Airport Engineering

1. Planning:

  • The regional plan usually provides the following info:
1. Approximate locations of airport in National Map.
2. Classification of Airport.
3. Location of Air Strip.
4. Routes of Air Travel.
  • Following Data is collected for Regional Planning:
1. Population.
2.Topographical and Geographical features.
3. Existing Airport in Vicinity.
4. Air traffic Characteristics
  • Minimum Spacing from Existing Airport:
1. For Airport serving small general aviation aircrafts under VFR conditions = 3.2 km 
2. For Airport serving bigger aircraft under VFR conditions = 6.4 km
3. For Airport operating piston engine aircraft under IFR conditions = 25.6 km
4.For jet aircrafts under IFR conditions = 160 km
The best location is site adjacent to the main highway.

2. Approach Zone:

  • The width clearance area are known as approach zone, required on either side of runway along the direction of landing and take off.
  • Over this area the aircraft can safely loose or gain altitude.

3. Clear Zone:

  • It is the inner most portion of approach zone and the most critical position from obstruction view point.

4. Turning Zone:

  • During the take off of the engine fails or pilot select to land in case of an emergency then aircraft will have to take a turn and come in line with runway before landing.
  • The area of airport other than the approach area, which is used for turning operation is known as turning zone.

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