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Indian Highways and Major Roads

Highways and Major Roads:

Highways are the most important transportation system part which plays an important role in the development of the area.
The plan of Indian roads was recommended by the Jaykar Committee which said that connecting the remote and urban areas by roads should be the top priority. The first phase was based on the Nagpur road plan.

It was divided as:

1. National Highways
2. State Highways
3. Major District Roads
4. Village Roads
After that, the Bombay Plan was introduced and Expressways were added to the list.

The total highway built to date is around 79232 kilometers connecting the country from north to south and east to west and all major cities and industrial hubs. The Great Golden Quadrilateral was the biggest ever project which was started by the government to connect the various financial and industrial hubs with one road over the country and this project was completed by the year 2012 and are mostly self-controlled due to proper turns and not much intersection over the length.
This highway connects Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata which then is connected by the State Highway.
Indian highways and its road details
National Highway
State Highway is around 131899 kilometer. These roads are connecting the major internal roads and national highways. The State Highways are the same as the National Highways which are more in number and connect the state's remote area to the cities and help for the agricultural products to reach the market and easy transfer of goods. 
Indian state highways and its details
State HIghways
Major District Roads are means of connecting the local roads and state highways which are most important. This is built by the municipal cooperation and the authorities which connect the State Highways and major centers of the cities.
India's major district roads and its details
Major District Roads
Village Roads are the basic roads which are just outside the residential and local buildings and means of internal movement for the locals.
Indian village roads
Village Roads
The National and State Highways are mostly built by flexible pavement because the are to long and large which is not economic to built by the cement and concrete mix. The district roads are made by rigid pavement which can be of plain cement-concrete, reinforced concrete or pre-stressed concrete which is more durable and can bear more load and in the long run, is economical. But the village roads are of flexible type due to less traffic load and less movement which is good for that situation.

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